Ibrahim Diallo v. Merrick Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS AUG 22 2022 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT IBRAHIM DIALLO, No. 16-71257 Petitioner, Agency No. A205-560-809 v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted August 17, 2022** Before: S.R. THOMAS, PAEZ, and LEE, Circuit Judges. Ibrahim Diallo, a native and citizen of Mali, petitions pro se for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (“BIA”) order dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge’s decision denying his applications for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). Our * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). jurisdiction is governed by 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence the agency’s factual findings. Zehatye v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 1182, 1184-85 (9th Cir. 2006). We review for abuse of discretion the denial of humanitarian asylum. Belayneh v. INS, 213 F.3d 488, 491 (9th Cir. 2000). We deny in part and dismiss in part the petition for review. As to Diallo’s claim based on harm from his stepmother, substantial evidence supports the agency’s conclusion that, even if Diallo demonstrated past persecution, there has been a fundamental change in circumstances such that Diallo no longer has a well-founded fear of future persecution. See 8 C.F.R. § 1208.13(b)(1)(i)(A). The agency did not abuse its discretion in denying humanitarian asylum, because Diallo failed to show he suffered sufficiently severe past persecution or that there is a reasonable possibility he may suffer other serious harm in Mali. See 8 C.F.R. §§ 1208.13(b)(1)(iii)(A), (B); see also Vongsakdy v. INS, 171 F.3d 1203, 1205 (9th Cir. 1999) (humanitarian asylum based on the severity of past persecution is “reserved for rare situations of ‘atrocious’ persecution”). As to Diallo’s claims based on female genital mutilation and based on his practice of “Sant Mat,” substantial evidence supports the agency’s determination that Diallo failed to establish an objectively reasonable fear of future persecution in Mali. See Nagoulko v. INS, 333 F.3d 1012, 1018 (9th Cir. 2003) (possibility of 2 16-71257 future persecution “too speculative”). Thus, Diallo’s asylum claim fails. In this case, because Diallo failed to establish eligibility for asylum, he failed to satisfy the standard for withholding of removal. See Zehatye, 453 F.3d at 1190. Substantial evidence supports the agency’s denial of CAT protection because Diallo failed to show it is more likely than not he will be tortured by or with the consent or acquiescence of the government if returned to Mali. See Aden v. Holder, 589 F.3d 1040, 1047 (9th Cir. 2009). We reject as unsupported by the record Diallo’s contentions that the BIA ignored arguments or otherwise erred in its analysis of his claims. We lack jurisdiction to consider Diallo’s contentions regarding ineffective …

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