Octavio Sanchez Pedrosa v. William Barr, U. S. Att

Case: 18-60614 Document: 00515070212 Page: 1 Date Filed: 08/09/2019 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit FILED No. 18-60614 August 9, 2019 Summary Calendar Lyle W. Cayce Clerk OCTAVIO SANCHEZ PEDROSA, also known as Octavio Sanchez, Petitioner v. WILLIAM P. BARR, U.S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals BIA No. A022 415 928 Before REAVLEY, DENNIS, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Octavio Sanchez Pedrosa, a native and citizen of Mexico, has filed a petition for review of a decision by the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA). The BIA dismissed his appeal from the immigration judge’s denial of his request for withholding of removal. “[W]ithholding of removal is a mandatory form of relief if an alien’s life or freedom would be threatened in the country of removal because of the alien’s race, religion, nationality, membership in a * Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. Case: 18-60614 Document: 00515070212 Page: 2 Date Filed: 08/09/2019 No. 18-60614 particular social group, or political opinion.” Shaikh v. Holder, 588 F.3d 861, 864 (5th Cir. 2009). To establish membership in a particular social group, an alien “must show that he was a member of a group of persons that share a common characteristic that they either cannot change or should not be required to change because it is fundamental to their individual identities or consciences.” Ontunez-Tursios v. Ashcroft, 303 F.3d 341, 352 (5th Cir. 2002); see Matter of Acosta, 19 I. & N. Dec. 211, 233 (BIA 1985). “However, the risk of persecution alone does not create a particular social group.” Orellana- Monson v. Holder, 685 F.3d 511, 518-19 (5th Cir. 2012) (internal quotation marks, brackets, and citation omitted). We review the BIA’s factual conclusion that Sanchez Pedrosa is not eligible for withholding under the substantial evidence standard. See Zhang v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 339, 344 (5th Cir. 2005). Thus, reversal is unwarranted unless we determine “not only that the evidence supports a contrary conclusion, but also that the evidence compels it.” Orellana-Monson, 685 F.3d at 518 (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). Sanchez Pedrosa contends that, if returned to Mexico, he will be harmed by extortionists on account of his membership in a particular social group he identifies as “small business owners who have resided in the U.S. from Mexico, and are being targeted by [a gang known as] the Zetas.” The BIA agreed with the immigration judge that Sanchez Pedrosa’s proposed group does not qualify as a particular social group. Sanchez Pedrosa fails to show that the evidence compels a conclusion that he is likely to suffer harm rising to the level of persecution on account of his membership in a particular social group. See Arif v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 677, 680 (5th Cir. 2007); ...

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