Raul Castaneda-Amezquita v. Matthew Whitaker

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FEB 6 2019 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT RAUL CASTANEDA-AMEZQUITA, No. 15-73507 16-73969 Petitioner, Agency No. A201-148-875 v. MATTHEW G. WHITAKER, Acting MEMORANDUM* Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted February 4, 2019** Phoenix, Arizona Before: HAWKINS, M. SMITH, and HURWITZ, Circuit Judges. Raul Castaneda-Amezquita petitions for review of the decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) affirming the decision of an immigration judge (“IJ”) denying his applications for adjustment of status, waiver of inadmissibility, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). (“CAT”), as well as the BIA’s denial of his motion to reopen. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252, and deny the petition for review. 1. The BIA did not err in finding that Castaneda-Amezquita had been convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude (“CIMT”). The BIA correctly identified the elements of aggravated domestic assault under Arizona Revised Statutes (“A.R.S.”) §§ 13-1203(A)(2), 13-1204(A)(4), and 13-3601. The BIA acknowledged that “simple” domestic assault, in violation of A.R.S. §§ 13-1203(A) and 13-3601, is not categorically a crime involving moral turpitude. See Fernandez- Ruiz v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 1159, 1165–67 (9th Cir. 2006). But, it determined that the aggravating factor required under A.R.S. § 13-1204(A)(4)—that the victim be bound, physically restrained, or otherwise substantially impaired in capacity to resist—rendered the offense a CIMT. See Ceron v. Holder, 747 F.3d 773, 782–83 (9th Cir. 2014) (en banc). Given the BIA’s thoughtful examination of controlling precedent and the offense at issue, we defer to its determination that this particular form of aggravated domestic assault is a CIMT. See Rohit v. Holder, 670 F.3d 1085, 1088 (9th Cir. 2012). 2. Nor did the agency err in its application of the heightened hardship standard when evaluating Castaneda-Amezquita’s application for a waiver of inadmissibility. The BIA considered the hardship to both Castaneda-Amezquita and his wife in the event of removal and relied solely on the IJ’s factual findings to do 2 15-73507 so. See Rivera-Peraza v. Holder, 684 F.3d 906, 910 (9th Cir. 2012). Thus, even if the IJ erroneously failed to consider the hardship that would befall Castaneda- Amezquita, the BIA’s application of the correct standard renders that error harmless. See Singh v. Holder, 591 F.3d 1190, 1198 (9th Cir. 2010). 3. Substantial evidence supports the BIA’s determination that Castaneda- Amezquita failed to demonstrate a likelihood of future persecution on account of his membership in a particular social group. See Zetino v. Holder, 622 F.3d 1007, 1015 (9th Cir. 2010). Castaneda-Amezquita has not suffered past persecution. The evidence he submitted either failed to discuss persecution of his alleged social group or involved limited examples ...

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