Sergio Escobar-Resendiz v. Merrick Garland

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION MAY 20 2022 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT SERGIO ESCOBAR-RESENDIZ, AKA No. 20-73807 Sergio Escobar-Resendez, Agency No. A029-110-890 Petitioner, v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted May 16, 2022** Pasadena, California Before: LEE and BRESS, Circuit Judges, and FITZWATER,*** District Judge. * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). *** The Honorable Sidney A. Fitzwater, United States District Judge for the Northern District of Texas, sitting by designation. Petitioner Sergio Escobar-Resendiz (“Escobar-Resendiz”), a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of a Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) decision dismissing his appeal of an Immigration Judge’s (“IJ’s”) decision denying his application for withholding of removal and protection under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252, and we deny the petition for review. We review the agency’s factual findings, including adverse credibility determinations, for substantial evidence. Mukulumbutu v. Barr, 977 F.3d 924, 925 (9th Cir. 2020). Under this standard, we must uphold the agency’s determination unless any reasonable trier of fact “‘would be compelled to conclude to the contrary’ based on the record.” Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions, 850 F.3d 1051, 1059 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) (quoting Zhi v. Holder, 751 F.3d 1088, 1091 (9th Cir. 2014)). In assessing an adverse credibility finding, this court “must look to the ‘totality of the circumstances[ ] and all relevant factors.’” Alam v. Garland, 11 F.4th 1133, 1137 (9th Cir. 2021) (en banc) (alteration in original) (quoting 8 U.S.C. § 1158(b)(1)(B)(iii)). 1. Substantial evidence supports the agency’s determination that Escobar- Resendiz was not credible when he testified before the IJ. First, in finding that Escobar-Resendiz was not credible, the IJ reasonably relied on Escobar-Resendiz’s inconsistent testimony regarding the timing of his kidnapping and the impossibility -2- of the timeline of his kidnapping based on other evidence in the record. See Ruiz-Colmenares v. Garland, 25 F.4th 742, 749-50 (9th Cir. 2022) (upholding agency’s adverse credibility finding in part because petitioner’s testimony as to the timing of his robberies was inconsistent and petitioner’s timeline surrounding his most recent robbery was impossible). The inconsistencies in Escobar-Resendiz’s testimony that the IJ identified are not trivial discrepancies in dates; rather, they are inconsistencies regarding the timing of the key event underlying Escobar-Resendiz’s applications for withholding of removal and CAT protection. See Rodriguez-Ramirez v. Garland, 11 F.4th 1091, 1093 (9th Cir. 2021) (per curiam) (“We have recognized that an IJ may rely upon an inconsistency in a crucial date concerning the very event upon which [a petitioner] predicated his claim for asylum.” (alteration in original) (quotations omitted)); Don v. Gonzales, 476 F.3d 738, 741-42 (9th Cir. 2007) (explaining that although trivial discrepancies …

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