United States v. Fidel Flores

Case: 15-41209 Document: 00514593776 Page: 1 Date Filed: 08/09/2018 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit No. 15-41209 FILED Summary Calendar August 9, 2018 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee v. FIDEL FLORES, Defendant - Appellant Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas USDC No. 2:15-CR-439-1 ON REMAND FROM THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES Before KING, DENNIS, and COSTA, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Fidel Flores was convicted of illegal reentry after deportation and sentenced to twenty-eight months of imprisonment and two years of supervised release. On appeal, Flores contends that the district court erred by applying an eight-level enhancement under U.S.S.G. § 2L1.2(b)(1)(C) and entering a * Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. Case: 15-41209 Document: 00514593776 Page: 2 Date Filed: 08/09/2018 No. 15-41209 judgment of conviction under 8 U.S.C. § 1326(b)(2), both based on a finding that his prior Texas conviction for evading arrest with a motor vehicle constituted an aggravated felony. Flores argues that this prior conviction cannot serve as an aggravated felony under either the Guidelines or § 1326(b)(2) because the incorporated definition in 18 U.S.C. § 16(b) is unconstitutionally vague. We affirmed. United States v. Flores, 670 F. App’x 362 (5th Cir. 2016) (per curiam). The Supreme Court granted Flores’s petition for a writ of certiorari, vacated our judgment, and remanded for further consideration in light of Sessions v. Dimaya, 138 S. Ct. 1204, 1212, 1223 (2018). In Dimaya, the Supreme Court held, consistent with Flores’s argument regarding § 1326(b)(2), that 18 U.S.C. § 16(b) is unconstitutionally vague as incorporated into the Immigration and Nationality Act. 138 S. Ct. at 1212, 1223. Accordingly, Flores is correct that his prior conviction cannot constitute an aggravated felony warranting judgment under § 1326(b)(2). As we subsequently held in United States v. Godoy, however, § 16(b) remains validly incorporated into the advisory Guidelines for definitional purposes. 890 F.3d 531, 533, 539 (5th Cir. 2018) (“when § 16(b) is used by the nonbinding Guidelines solely for definitional purposes, vagueness-doctrine principles do not apply”). Accordingly, to the extent Flores challenges the calculation of his Guidelines range, his argument is without merit. In light of Dimaya, we VACATE the district court’s judgment and REMAND for entry of judgment under 8 U.S.C. § 1326(b)(1) rather than § 1326(b)(2). 2 15-41209 Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit ca5 5th Cir. United States v. Fidel Flores 9 August 2018 Direct Criminal Unpublished 32a83b16bf35feffaf70e393b9a19e191787b4a9

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