Maria Carballo-Miranda v. Merrick Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS JAN 17 2023 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT MARIA EUGENIA CARBALLO- No. 19-70637 MIRANDA, AKA Maria Eugenia Carvallo, AKA Maria Del Rosario Ramirez, Agency No. A092-675-655 Petitioner, MEMORANDUM* v. MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted January 11, 2023** Pasadena, California Before: CALLAHAN, R. NELSON, and H.A. THOMAS, Circuit Judges. Maria Eugenia Carballo-Miranda petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (BIA) affirmance of an Immigration Judge’s (IJ) decision ordering her removed from the United States and finding her ineligible for * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). cancellation of removal under 8 U.S.C. § 1229b.1 We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. Dominguez v. Barr, 975 F.3d 725, 733–34 (9th Cir. 2020). The question of whether a conviction is an aggravated felony is a legal question that we review de novo. See id.; Jauregui-Cardenas v. Barr, 946 F.3d 1116, 1118 (9th Cir. 2020). An alien is ineligible for cancellation of removal if she has been convicted of an aggravated felony. 8 U.S.C. § 1229b(a)(3). Carballo-Miranda was convicted of conspiracy to sell, transport, or offer to sell heroin under California Penal Code § 182(a)(1) and California Health & Safety Code § 11352(a). The BIA determined that Carballo-Miranda had not met her burden of demonstrating her conviction was not an aggravated felony and therefore had not shown she was eligible for cancellation of removal. We agree. The statutes under which Carballo-Miranda was convicted, California Penal Code § 182(a)(1) and California Health & Safety Code § 11352(a), are divisible statutes covering both offenses that qualify as aggravated felonies and offenses that do not. Marinelarena v. Garland, 6 F.4th 975, 977 (9th Cir. 2021) (holding that California Penal Code § 182(a) is divisible);2 United States v. 1 Carballo-Miranda has not challenged the IJ’s denial of her request for voluntary departure on appeal. 2 Marinelarena “incorporate[d] by reference . . . Part A of the discussion” from a previously vacated decision in the same litigation, Marinelarena v. Sessions, 869 F.3d 780 (9th Cir. 2017), “which concerns overbreadth and divisibility.” 6 F.4th at 2 Martinez-Lopez, 864 F.3d 1034, 1037 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) (holding that California Health & Safety Code § 11352(a) is divisible). Specifically, section 11352(a) (the drug offense underlying Carballo-Miranda’s conspiracy charge) is divisible in two ways: it is divisible as to its controlled substance requirement (the types of controlled substances criminalized) and as to its actus reus requirement (the types of activity criminalized). Martinez-Lopez, 864 F.3d at 1037. We thus apply the modified categorical approach and ask whether the crime Carballo-Miranda committed is an aggravated felony. Mathis v. United States, 579 U.S. 500, 505–06 (2016). Carballo-Miranda does …

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