Marquez Garcia v. Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MAY 23 2023 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT REYNA MARQUEZ GARCIA; ABIMAEL No. 22-688 EMIGDIO MARQUEZ; CARLOS Agency Nos. EMIGDIO MARQUEZ; JOSUE A208-587-540 MARQUEZ GARCIA, A208-587-541 A208-587-542 Petitioners, A208-587-543 v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted May 19, 2023 ** Phoenix, Arizona Before: NGUYEN, COLLINS, and LEE, Circuit Judges. Lead Petitioner Reyna Marquez Garcia; her adult son, Abimael Emigdio Marquez; and her two minor children (collectively, “petitioners”) petition for review of a decision by the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) adopting * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). and affirming the immigration judge’s (“IJ”) order denying asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. Reviewing the agency’s factual findings for substantial evidence, see Flores Molina v. Garland, 37 F.4th 626, 632 (9th Cir. 2022), we deny the petition for review. The agency properly rejected petitioners’ applications for asylum and withholding of removal. 1 Substantial evidence supports the agency’s finding that petitioners did not demonstrate an objectively reasonable fear of future persecution because their claim is based only on generalized criminal violence in Mexico and fails to establish an individualized risk of harm. Petitioners did not establish an objectively reasonable fear of future persecution because they did not suffer mistreatment in Mexico, did not identify any specific groups or individuals that might harm them in the future, and acknowledged that their fear of future harm is based on generalized violence in Mexico. See Singh v. INS, 134 F.3d 962, 967 (9th Cir. 1998) (“[T]o establish a well-founded fear, petitioner cannot simply prove that there exists a generalized or random possibility of persecution; she must show that she is at particular risk—that her predicament is appreciably different from the dangers faced by her fellow citizens.”) (cleaned up and citation omitted). PETITION DENIED. 1 The IJ also denied petitioners’ CAT claim, but petitioners did not challenge that determination before the BIA, nor do they challenge it in this court. 2 22-688 Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ca9 9th Cir. Marquez Garcia v. Garland 23 May 2023 Unpublished 3cdaa11f7c4995a1d4994299b5401d448eb9d76e

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