Petrosyan v. Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MAR 17 2023 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT Hamlet Petrosyan, No. 21-386 Petitioner, Agency No. A070-390-792 v. MEMORANDUM* Merrick B. Garland, U.S. Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted March 15, 2023** Pasadena, California Before: LEE, BRESS, and MENDOZA, Circuit Judges. Hamlet Petrosyan, a native and citizen of Armenia, seeks review of an order by the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) denying his motion to reopen removal proceedings. Petrosyan contends that the BIA abused its discretion by concluding that country conditions in Armenia have not materially changed since his initial removal proceedings and that, in any event, he cannot establish a prima * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). facie case for asylum or withholding of removal based on having HIV or the perceived association with the “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI)” community. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252, and we deny the petition for review. In 2018, Petrosyan filed an application for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture. The Immigration Judge denied his application, making an adverse credibility determination against him and finding that in any event he did not establish persecution or likelihood of torture. The BIA affirmed, and this court then denied his petition for review in 2020, agreeing with the BIA’s adverse credibility conclusion. In 2021, he filed a motion to reopen removal proceedings with the BIA, which denied it as untimely. 1. The BIA did not abuse its discretion in denying Petrosyan’s motion to reopen. Rodriguez v. Garland, 990 F.3d 1205, 1209 (9th Cir. 2021) (standard of review). Even if a motion to reopen has not been filed within the required 90 days of the final order of removal (as in this case), a petitioner can still rely on a changed conditions exception: he or she must show that “circumstances have changed sufficiently that a petitioner who previously did not have a legitimate claim for asylum [at the time of the initial hearing] now has a well-founded fear of future persecution.” Malty v. Ashcroft, 381 F.3d 942, 945 (9th Cir. 2004). Petrosyan, however, cannot rely on this exception because he has not shown materially changed conditions or circumstances in Armenia since 2018 when he had his initial hearing. Petrosyan argues that the mistreatment of HIV- 2 21-386 positive and LGBTI individuals has increased in Armenia since 2018. 1 He supports his argument with the 2019 Human Rights Report and Dr. Aram Terzyan’s expert opinion, both of which catalogue instances of deplorable violence against LGBTI individuals, discrimination against HIV-positive individuals, anti-LGBTI protests, and government officials expressing anti- LGBTI sentiment. But his evidence fails to establish that there has …

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